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Scaffolding


Scaffold Generator


Skinny has a powerful scaffold generator. Usage is very simple.

# If you're a zsh user, try "noglob ./skinny g scaffold ..."
./skinny g scaffold members member name:String "nickname:String:varchar(64)" birthday:Option[LocalDate]
./skinny db:migrate
./skinny run

Now you can use CRUD pages for members resource at http://localhost:8080/members.


Parameters

Scaffold command’s parameters are …

./skinny g scaffold:{template} {resources} {resource} "{fieldName:paramType(:columnType)}" ...

If an attribute’s {paramType} is an entity type (all unexpected types), the attribute will be converted to association definition.

./skinny g model tweet userId:Long text:String user:Option[User]

This command will generate following code:

package model

import skinny.orm._, feature._
import scalikejdbc._
import org.joda.time._

// If your model has +23 fields, switch this to normal class and mixin scalikejdbc.EntityEquality.
case class Tweet(
  id: Long,
  userId: Long,
  text: String,
  user: Option[User] = None,
  createdAt: DateTime,
  updatedAt: DateTime
)

object Tweet extends SkinnyCRUDMapper[Tweet] with TimestampsFeature[Tweet] {

  override lazy val defaultAlias = createAlias("t")

  lazy val userRef = belongsTo[User](User, (t, u) => t.copy(user = u))

  /*
   * If you're familiar with ScalikeJDBC/Skinny ORM, using #autoConstruct makes your mapper simpler.
   * (e.g.)
   * override def extract(rs: WrappedResultSet, rn: ResultName[Tweet]) = autoConstruct(rs, rn)
   *
   * Be aware of excluding associations like this:
   * (e.g.)
   * case class Member(id: Long, companyId: Long, company: Option[Company] = None)
   * object Member extends SkinnyCRUDMapper[Member] {
   *   override def extract(rs: WrappedResultSet, rn: ResultName[Member]) =
   *     autoConstruct(rs, rn, "company") // "company" will be skipped
   * }
   */
  override def extract(rs: WrappedResultSet, rn: ResultName[Tweet]): Tweet = new Tweet(
    id = rs.get(rn.id),
    userId = rs.get(rn.userId),
    text = rs.get(rn.text),
    createdAt = rs.get(rn.createdAt),
    updatedAt = rs.get(rn.updatedAt)
  )
}

Other associations can be generated with the following convention.

It’s also possible to specify namespace for the resource:

./skinny g scaffold:{template} {namespace} {resources} {resource} {attributes}...

Example Usage


Let’s create CRUD pages to manage project members!


$ ./skinny g scaffold:jade projectMembers projectMember name:String "nickname:Option[String]:varchar(32)" joinedAt:DateTime leaveAt:Option[DateTime]

[info] Running TaskRunner generate:scaffold:jade projectMembers projectMember name:String nickname:Option[String]:varchar(32) joinedAt:DateTime leaveAt:Option[DateTime]

 *** Skinny Generator Task ***

  "src/main/scala/controller/ApplicationController.scala" skipped.
  "src/main/scala/controller/ProjectMembersController.scala" created.
  "src/main/scala/controller/Controllers.scala" modified.
  "src/test/scala/controller/ProjectMembersControllerSpec.scala" created.
  "src/test/scala/integrationtest/ProjectMembersController_IntegrationTestSpec.scala" created.
  "src/test/resources/factories.conf" modified.
  "src/main/scala/model/ProjectMember.scala" created.
  "src/test/scala/model/ProjectMemberSpec.scala" created.
  "src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/projectMembers/_form.html.jade" created.
  "src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/projectMembers/new.html.jade" created.
  "src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/projectMembers/edit.html.jade" created.
  "src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/projectMembers/index.html.jade" created.
  "src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/projectMembers/show.html.jade" created.
  "src/main/resources/messages.conf" modified.
  "src/main/resources/db/migration/V20140324003741__Create_projectMembers_table.sql" created.

[success] Total time: 1 s, completed Mar 2, 2014 12:58:53 AM

With namespace:

$ ./skinny g scaffold:jade admin.foo members member name:String

[info] Running TaskRunner generate:scaffold:jade admin.foo members member name:String

 *** Skinny Generator Task ***

  "src/main/scala/controller/ApplicationController.scala" skipped.
  "src/main/scala/controller/admin/foo/MembersController.scala" created.
  "src/main/scala/controller/Controllers.scala" modified.
  "src/test/scala/controller/admin/foo/MembersControllerSpec.scala" created.
  "src/test/scala/integrationtest/admin/foo/MembersController_IntegrationTestSpec.scala" created.
  "src/test/resources/factories.conf" modified.
  "src/main/scala/model/admin/foo/Member.scala" created.
  "src/test/scala/model/admin/foo/MemberSpec.scala" created.
  "src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/admin/foo/members/_form.html.jade" created.
  "src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/admin/foo/members/new.html.jade" created.
  "src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/admin/foo/members/edit.html.jade" created.
  "src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/admin/foo/members/index.html.jade" created.
  "src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/admin/foo/members/show.html.jade" created.
  "src/main/resources/messages.conf" modified.
  "src/main/resources/db/migration/V20140324003819__Create_members_table.sql" created.

[success] Total time: 2 s, completed Mar 7, 2014 12:36:17 AM

After that, do DB migration.


$ ./skinny db:migrate

Run the Skinny app and access http://localhost:8080/project_members from your browser.


$ ./skinny run

URL / Parameter Names


The following is an example controller generated by scaffold command.

Be aware of these rules:

It’ll be the fastest way to understand actual files generated by scaffold generator.


package controller

import skinny._
import skinny.validator._
import model.ProjectMember

object ProjectMembersController extends SkinnyResource with ApplicationController {
  protectFromForgery()

  override def model = ProjectMember
  override def resourcesName = "projectMembers"
  override def resourceName = "projectMember"

  override def resourcesBasePath = s"/${toSnakeCase(resourcesName)}"
  override def useSnakeCasedParamKeys = true

  override def createParams = Params(params).withDateTime("joined_at").withDateTime("leave_at")
  override def createForm = validation(createParams,
    paramKey("name") is required & maxLength(512),
    paramKey("nickname") is maxLength(512),
    paramKey("joined_at") is required & dateTimeFormat,
    paramKey("leave_at") is dateTimeFormat
  )
  override def createFormStrongParameters = Seq(
    "name" -> ParamType.String,
    "nickname" -> ParamType.String,
    "joined_at" -> ParamType.DateTime,
    "leave_at" -> ParamType.DateTime
  )

...

Using your favorite ORM with SkinnyResource


Skinny ORM’S CRUDMapper implements skinny.SkinnyModel’s methods. If you’d like to use other ORM or DB library, you can do that by implementing SkinnyModel trait.

https://github.com/skinny-framework/skinny-framework/blob/master/common/src/main/scala/skinny/SkinnyModel.scala

object MembersController extends SkinnyResource with ApplicationController {
  protectFromForgery()

  override def model = SlickBackendMapper

...

SkinnyResource’s pagination for Oracle, MS SQLServer


Skinny ORM doesn’t support Oracle DB or MS SQLServer’s pagination. You should override SkinnyModel#findModels(pageSize: Int, pageNo: Int): List[Model] method for your RDBMS.

https://github.com/skinny-framework/skinny-framework/blob/master/common/src/main/scala/skinny/SkinnyModel.scala


Reverse Scaffold Generator


If you’re working with existing database, reverse-scaffold command is pretty useful.

When you have project_members table in database,

-- For H2 Database
create table project_members (
  member_id bigserial not null primary key,
  name varchar(512) not null,
  nickname varchar(32),
  joined_at timestamp not null,
  leave_at timestamp
);

Run the reverse-scaffold command like this.

This command uses DB settings in the src/main/resources/application.conf. SkinnyEnv is set as development.

$ ./skinny g reverse-scaffold:scaml project_members projectMembers projectMember

[info] Running TaskRunner generate:reverse-scaffold:scaml project_members projectMembers projectMember

 *** Skinny Reverse Engineering Task ***

  Table     : project_members
  ID        : memberId
  Resources : projectMembers
  Resource  : projectMember

  Columns:
   - name:String:varchar(512)
   - nickname:Option[String]:varchar(32)
   - joinedAt:DateTime
   - leaveAt:Option[DateTime]

 *** Skinny Generator Task ***

  "src/main/scala/controller/ApplicationController.scala" skipped.
  "src/main/scala/controller/ProjectMembersController.scala" created.
  "src/main/scala/controller/Controllers.scala" modified.
  "src/test/scala/controller/ProjectMembersControllerSpec.scala" created.
  "src/test/scala/integrationtest/ProjectMembersController_IntegrationTestSpec.scala" created.
  "src/test/resources/factories.conf" modified.
  "src/main/scala/model/ProjectMember.scala" created.
  "src/test/scala/model/ProjectMemberSpec.scala" created.
  "src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/projectMembers/_form.html.scaml" created.
  "src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/projectMembers/new.html.scaml" created.
  "src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/projectMembers/edit.html.scaml" created.
  "src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/projectMembers/index.html.scaml" created.
  "src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/projectMembers/show.html.scaml" created.
  "src/main/resources/messages.conf" modified.
  "src/main/resources/db/migration/V20140302010916__Create_projectMembers_table.sql" created.

[success] Total time: 1 s, completed Mar 2, 2014 1:09:16 AM

The DB migration file generated by this command is commented out by default, so ./skinny db:migrate will do nothing.

Just run ./skinny run and access http://localhost:8080/project_members from your browser.


Parameters

Scaffold command’s parameters are …

./skinny g reverse-scaffold:{template} {tableName} {resources} {resource}
./skinny g reverse-scaffold:{template} {namespace} {tableName} {resources} {resource}

reverse-*-all commands

reverse-scaffold-all/reverse-model-all commands generate all the code from existing database.

./skinny g reverse-model-all
./skinny g reverse-scaffold-all

Here is an example DDL.

create table user_group (
  id bigserial not null primary key,
  name varchar(100) not null,
  url varchar(512)
);
create table organization (
  id bigserial not null primary key,
  name varchar(100) not null,
  url varchar(512) not null
);
create table developer (
  id bigserial not null primary key,
  name varchar(512) not null,
  nickname varchar(32),
  user_group_id bigint references user_group(id)
);
create table organization_developer (
  organization_id bigint not null references organization(id),
  developer_id bigint not null references developer(id)
);

When you run reverse-scaffold-all generator for this database schema, skinny command will show you following output.

*** Skinny Reverse Engineering Task ***

  Table     : developer
  ID        : id:Long
  Resources : developers
  Resource  : developer

  Columns:
   - name:String:varchar(512)
   - nickname:Option[String]:varchar(32)
   - userGroupId:Option[Long]
   - userGroup:Option[UserGroup]
   - organizationDevelopers:Seq[OrganizationDeveloper]

 *** Skinny Generator Task ***

  "sample/src/main/scala/controller/ApplicationController.scala" skipped.
  "sample/src/main/scala/controller/DevelopersController.scala" created.
  "sample/src/main/scala/controller/Controllers.scala" modified.
  "sample/src/test/scala/controller/DevelopersControllerSpec.scala" created.
  "sample/src/test/scala/integrationtest/DevelopersController_IntegrationTestSpec.scala" created.
  "sample/src/test/resources/factories.conf" modified.
  "sample/src/main/scala/model/Developer.scala" created.
  "sample/src/test/scala/model/DeveloperSpec.scala" created.
  "sample/src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/developers/_form.html.ssp" created.
  "sample/src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/developers/new.html.ssp" created.
  "sample/src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/developers/edit.html.ssp" created.
  "sample/src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/developers/index.html.ssp" created.
  "sample/src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/developers/show.html.ssp" created.
  "sample/src/main/resources/messages.conf" modified.
  "sample/src/main/resources/db/migration/V20141207024947__Create_developers_table.sql" created.


 *** Skinny Reverse Engineering Task ***

  Table     : organization
  ID        : id:Long
  Resources : organizations
  Resource  : organization

  Columns:
   - name:String:varchar(100)
   - url:String:varchar(512)
   - organizationDevelopers:Seq[OrganizationDeveloper]

 *** Skinny Generator Task ***

  "sample/src/main/scala/controller/ApplicationController.scala" skipped.
  "sample/src/main/scala/controller/OrganizationsController.scala" created.
  "sample/src/main/scala/controller/Controllers.scala" modified.
  "sample/src/test/scala/controller/OrganizationsControllerSpec.scala" created.
  "sample/src/test/scala/integrationtest/OrganizationsController_IntegrationTestSpec.scala" created.
  "sample/src/test/resources/factories.conf" modified.
  "sample/src/main/scala/model/Organization.scala" created.
  "sample/src/test/scala/model/OrganizationSpec.scala" created.
  "sample/src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/organizations/_form.html.ssp" created.
  "sample/src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/organizations/new.html.ssp" created.
  "sample/src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/organizations/edit.html.ssp" created.
  "sample/src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/organizations/index.html.ssp" created.
  "sample/src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/organizations/show.html.ssp" created.
  "sample/src/main/resources/messages.conf" modified.
  "sample/src/main/resources/db/migration/V20141207024947__Create_organizations_table.sql" created.


Since this table (organization_developer) has no primary key, generator created only NoIdCRUDMapper file and skipped creating controller and view files.

 *** Skinny Reverse Engineering Task ***

  Table  : organization_developer

  Columns:
   - organizationId:Long
   - developerId:Long
   - developer:Option[Developer]
   - organization:Option[Organization]

 *** Skinny Generator Task ***

  "sample/src/main/scala/model/OrganizationDeveloper.scala" created.
  "sample/src/test/scala/model/OrganizationDeveloperSpec.scala" created.
  "sample/src/main/resources/db/migration/V20141207024947__Create_organizationDevelopers_table.sql" created.


 *** Skinny Reverse Engineering Task ***

  Table     : user_group
  ID        : id:Long
  Resources : userGroups
  Resource  : userGroup

  Columns:
   - name:String:varchar(100)
   - url:Option[String]:varchar(512)
   - developers:Seq[Developer]

 *** Skinny Generator Task ***

  "sample/src/main/scala/controller/ApplicationController.scala" skipped.
  "sample/src/main/scala/controller/UserGroupsController.scala" created.
  "sample/src/main/scala/controller/Controllers.scala" modified.
  "sample/src/test/scala/controller/UserGroupsControllerSpec.scala" created.
  "sample/src/test/scala/integrationtest/UserGroupsController_IntegrationTestSpec.scala" created.
  "sample/src/test/resources/factories.conf" modified.
  "sample/src/main/scala/model/UserGroup.scala" created.
  "sample/src/test/scala/model/UserGroupSpec.scala" created.
  "sample/src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/userGroups/_form.html.ssp" created.
  "sample/src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/userGroups/new.html.ssp" created.
  "sample/src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/userGroups/edit.html.ssp" created.
  "sample/src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/userGroups/index.html.ssp" created.
  "sample/src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views/userGroups/show.html.ssp" created.
  "sample/src/main/resources/messages.conf" modified.
  "sample/src/main/resources/db/migration/V20141207024947__Create_userGroups_table.sql" created.

Generated models include association configurations too (only when tables are referenced with foreign keys).

package model

import skinny.orm._, feature._
import scalikejdbc._
import org.joda.time._

// If your model has +23 fields, switch this to normal class and mixin scalikejdbc.EntityEquality.
case class Developer(
  id: Long,
  name: String,
  nickname: Option[String] = None,
  userGroupId: Option[Long] = None,
  userGroup: Option[UserGroup] = None,
  organizations: Seq[Organization] = Nil
)

object Developer extends SkinnyCRUDMapper[Developer] {
  override lazy val tableName = "developer"
  override lazy val defaultAlias = createAlias("d")

  lazy val userGroupRef = belongsTo[UserGroup](UserGroup, (d, ug) => d.copy(userGroup = ug))

  lazy val organizationsRef = hasManyThrough[Organization](
    through = OrganizationDeveloper,
    many = Organization,
    merge = (d, os) => d.copy(organizations = os)
  )

  override def extract(rs: WrappedResultSet, rn: ResultName[Developer]): Developer = {
    autoConstruct(rs, rn, "userGroup", "organizations")
  }
}

Controllers are created as same as normal scaffold generator.

package controller

import skinny._
import skinny.validator._
import _root_.controller._
import model.Developer

class DevelopersController extends SkinnyResource with ApplicationController {
  protectFromForgery()

  override def model = Developer
  override def resourcesName = "developers"
  override def resourceName = "developer"

  override def resourcesBasePath = s"/${toSnakeCase(resourcesName)}"
  override def useSnakeCasedParamKeys = true

  override def viewsDirectoryPath = s"/${resourcesName}"

  override def createParams = Params(params)
  override def createForm = validation(createParams,
    paramKey("name") is required & maxLength(512),
    paramKey("nickname") is maxLength(32),
    paramKey("user_group_id") is numeric & longValue
  )
  override def createFormStrongParameters = Seq(
    "name" -> ParamType.String,
    "nickname" -> ParamType.String,
    "user_group_id" -> ParamType.Long
  )

  override def updateParams = Params(params)
  override def updateForm = validation(updateParams,
    paramKey("name") is required & maxLength(512),
    paramKey("nickname") is maxLength(32),
    paramKey("user_group_id") is numeric & longValue
  )
  override def updateFormStrongParameters = Seq(
    "name" -> ParamType.String,
    "nickname" -> ParamType.String,
    "user_group_id" -> ParamType.Long
  )

}
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